The Holloway Family
For a number of years I had John Holloway as the son of David and Elizabeth (Matthews) Holloway. Based on the extensive research of Scott Swanson and others, we believe that he was actually the son of William and Anne Holloway. I have relied heavily on the research of Scott for the information on this page who was kind enough to share it with me.
William Holloway – Died After 04 December 1744 and Before 1 April 1746.
William Holloway died after 04 December 1744 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, the date of his will. Sometime before 1701 he married Anne. Some researchers have her maiden name as Waller, however there is nothing to substantiate that (at least to-date.) There were Waller families living close to William, but no daughters named Anne that have been found to-date. William and Anne had six children, all of who are mentioned in his will dated 04 December 1744. William’s will was proven 03 June 1746 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
Some genealogies on the web give William’s surname as Holladay. There is no equivalence between the surnames Holloday and Holloway. Crozier, who abstracted the Spotsylvania records, may be responsible for some of the confusion since he abstracted “our” William’s will as that of William Holladay. The county records invariably refer to “our” William in the probate and deed records that can be clearly associated with him as Holloway. There were Holliday’s in that area of Virginia at the same time as our Holloway family. (Thanks to Scott Swanson for this clarification.)
Will of William Holloway- Died After 04 December 1744 and Before 1 April 1746.
In the name of God Amen I William Holloway of the Parish of St. George and County of Spotsylvania in the Colony of Virginia being of perfect sense and memory do make this my last will and testament in manner following:.
Item I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Ann Holloway three negroes named Jack a man and Nason and Jonny woman to her and her heirs forever also one negro girl named Milly to her and her heirs forever.
Item I give to my son John two negro men named Tony and Will to him and his heirs forever.
Item I give to my son Charles two negroes one named Robin a man and the other named Moll a girl to him and his heirs forever. I give to my son George a negro man called Harry and a negro boy called Toboy to him and his heirs forever.
Item I give to my son Robert a negro man named Sam to him and his heirs forever also a negro girl named Bette to him and his heirs forever also a negro woman named Sarah to him and his heirs forever.
Item I give to my daughter Elizabeth the wife of Thomas Dillard a negro girl named Judey to her and her heirs forever.
Item I give to my grandson John Robinson a negro man named Peter to him and his heirs forever.
Item I give unto my grandson William Holloway the son of Robert Holloway all my land in King William County to him and his heirs forever.
Item I give the one half of my land in Spotsylvania County unto my loving wife for and during her natural life including the plantation and after her decease I give the same land unto my grandson John Robinson to him and his heirs forever.
Item I give the remainder of my land in Spotsylvania County unto my grandson William Holloway the son of John Holloway to him and his heirs forever.
Item I give unto my daughter Ann the wife of John Robinson a cow and calf to her and her heirs forever.
Item I give all the rest of my estate be it of what nature of quality soever to be equally divided amongst my wife and all my children.
And of this my last will and testament I do constitute and appoint my sons Charles and Robert whol and sole executors, confirming this to be my last will and revoking all other wills by me made in testimony of which I have hereunto set my hand and seal this fourth day of December 1744.
[signed] William Holloway (x) Sealed, published, and declared in the presence of us W. Walton, Matthew Gayle, Henry Rogers.
[Spotsylvania County VA Will Book A: 431-432; printed in Carlton M. Dillard, Back to Old Virginia….: 14-15]
William Holloway´s will was proved by witnesses Matthew Gale and Henry Rogers. John Holloway, the heir at law, appeared and said he had no objections to offer against the proving of the will; Charles Holloway, one of the executors named in the will, refused the executorship thereof. Robert Holloway, the other executor, was summoned to the next Court to answer whether he will accept the executorship; 1 April 1746.
[Sparacio, Spotsylvania County VA Order Book 1744-1746: 87]
Anne Holloway, widow of William Holloway, renounced legacies and insists on her third share of his estate; William McWilliams, John Parrish, Matthew Gale, and Philip Vincent Vass ordered, once they have appraised the estate, to set aside her thirds; 3 June 1746.
[Sparacio, Spotsylvania County VA Order Book 1744-1746: 92]
Children of William and Anne Holloway
The children named in the will of William and Anne Holloway are:
- John Holloway (married Rachel)
- Elizabeth Holloway (married Thomas Dillard)
- Charles Holloway
- George Holloway
- Robert Holloway
- Anne Holloway (married John Robinson)
John Holloway (son of William and Anne Holloway)
About 1724 John married Rachel. Rachel’s last name is unknown. By the time of John’s death in 1964, John had remarried an Elizabeth. His wife Elizabeth and his son John (who married Elizabeth Carmack) were executors of John, Sr.’s estate. Some researchers also have John as married to Hannah. This John may, however be John, the son of David and Elizabeth (Matthews) Holloway.
Many genealogies on the web give John’s date of birth/baptism as 07 December 1701. This, however, is not correct. The John Holloway who was baptized 07 December 1701, was the son of David and Elizabeth (Matthews) Holloway, not the son of William and Anne. John Holloway (son of David and Elizabeth (Matthews Holloway) also had a wife named Elizabeth.
There was a John Holloway whose died in 1764 and whose will, written in Essex County, Virginia, was probated in Caroline Co., VA in 1770. It appears unlikely that that John is the father of the William above.
John qualified as a guardian of his son William in the Spotsylvania records dated October 7, 1746. William selected his father as guardian which means that William was at least age 14 at the time. Under common law at the time a child could select their own guardian (conservator of the minor’s property) when the child reached age 14. It was necessary for William to select a guardian so that he could take title to the property he inherited from his grandfather.
William may have inherited property in Spotsylvania (see the will of William Holloway above) for the county records show that he and his wife, Mary, deeded property on August 5, 1755. In the deed he was described as “of Caroline County”.
On 10 May 1751 William Holloway gained possession of his inheritance from his grandfather’s estate, which was one half of his grandfather’s property in St. George’s Parish, Spotsylvania County. William was unable to claim his inheritance until he turned 21, and thus his inheritance had been secured on his behalf by two bonds, one provided by his father as his guardian and another by his grandmother. These two bonds were discharged after William became of age at 21, allowing William to gain direct ownership of his inheritance.
Assuming that the bonds were released soon after William’s 21st birthday, William’s date of birth would have been prior to 10 May 1720. This also fits with the appointment of his father as his guardian in 1742. For these reasons it seems probable that William was born somewhere in the 1730, probably in April or the first part of May.
Garland Evans Hopkins, in his book Colonial Cousins, has this John as the son of David and Elizabeth (Matthews) Holloway. I think this is incorrect. From William’s will (above) we know that William and Anne had a son named John and that John had a son named William. William left his grandson, William land in Spotsylvania County, Virginia. About the same time as William, Sr.’s death, John was named guardian of his son William in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, presumably as a result of the bequest from his grandfather. In 1755, William Holloway and his wife Mary of Caroline County, Virginia sold land in Spotsylvania County, Virginia (see below.)
Mr. Hopkins seems to have confused the two families in a number of cases. No doubt this is caused by the fact that the Holloway family was not very original in naming there children. There are lots of Williams, Georges and Johns! I believe that the David Holloway family is closely related to the Holloway family outlined here, but exactly will have to be the subject of further research.
Children of John and Rachel Holloway
John and Rachel had at least two sons:
- John Holloway (married Elizabeth Cammack)
- William Holloway (married Mary)
William above was the father of Clarissa Holloway Hill who married Samuel Hill.
William Holloway (son of John and Rachel Holloway)
William Holloway, son of John Holloway, heir in will of his grandfather William Holloway, dated 04 December 1744, proven 03 June 1746 Spotsylvania County VA: the half of land in Spotsylvania County VA not including plantation John Holloway guardian to his son William Holloway; surety John Chew; 7 October 1746 Spotsylvania County VA; [Spotsylvania County VA Will Book A; Crozier, Spotsylvania County VA: 71]
William Holloway appears in the Caroline County, Virginia land tax list for 1785-1793. In 1794 the land of his estate was divided between sons George Holloway and John Holloway
William Holloway, son of John Holloway, being of lawful age, chose his father John Holloway as his guardian, who came to Court and gave bond; 07 October 1746; Presumably this means that William Holloway was at least 14 years old. That would mean John was born somewhere between 1732 and 1736. The guardianship was probably necessitated by the bequest under his grandfather’s will. [Spotsylvania County VA Order Book 1738-1749: 393; Sparacio, Spotsylvania County VA Order Book 1746-1748: 2]
William Holloway of Caroline County VA and his wife Mary Holloway, sold Robert Dudley of Spotsylvania County VA, 250 acres in St George’s Parish, Spotsylvania County, VA on 5 August 1755; [Crozier: Spotsylvania County Records 1721-1800: 200]
Children of William and Mary Holloway
William and Mary Holloway had three children:
- George Holloway
- John Holloway
- Clarissa Jane Holloway
Researchers of this branch of Holloways have historically given William’s wife name as Ms. Carter. I have yet to find any basis for this. Her first name was Mary based on a real estate transaction in 1755 with Robert Dudley concerning property in St. George’s Parish, Spotsylvania County, Virginia. Based on his will proven in 1774 in Westmoreland County, Virginia, Peter Smith had a daughter named Mary Holloway. No records have been found of any other Mary Holloway. Based on this, it is likely that William’s wife was Mary (Smith) Holloway, the daughter of Peter. If that is the case, Mary had brothers named Peter and John who were also named in the will.
Clarissa married Samuel Hill, who is the progenitor of the Hills on this website.